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9th, 10th, 11th, 12th


Science, Chemistry, Biology, Earth and Space Sciences

Resource Types

  • Interactive Media
  • Videos, 1 minute, 31 seconds, CC, Subtitles
  • Videos, 2 minutes, 7 seconds, CC, Subtitles
  • Videos, 45 seconds, CC, Subtitles
  • Worksheets
  • Videos, 1 minute, 57 seconds, CC, Subtitles
  • Videos, 46 seconds, CC, Subtitles
  • Videos, 2 minutes, 7 seconds, CC, Subtitles

Regional Focus




Paleoclimate: A History of Change

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  • This comprehensive resource about global warming, Earth's climate history, and the factors affecting Earth's climate includes student worksheets in English and Spanish, a "Click and Learn" presentation, animated graphs, instructional videos, and a question and answer session. 
  • The interactive presentation discusses oxygen isotopes, ocean sediment cores, glacial and interglacial periods, Milankovich cycles, solar activity, greenhouse gases, and the effects of climate change on water supplies and agriculture.
Teaching Tips


  • The content is updated and the many graphs of carbon dioxide and temperature over different time scales are very illuminating.
  • Student learning targets and curriculum connections are provided.

Additional Prerequisites

  • Students should be familiar with reading and analyzing graphs and data.
  • Students should be familiar with keywords such as climate, carbon dioxide, extinction, global warming, and ice age.


  • Science classes could use this resource as a homework assignment before covering the material in class.
  • There are many connections that can be made to biology, chemistry, and Earth science classes because it covers so many topics, such as isotopes, feedback loops, the greenhouse effect, Earth's orbit, energy balance, and global cycles.
  • Students can be divided into groups and given a different topic to "jigsaw," where students research, analyze, and then teach their peers what they learned.
  • Other resources on this topic include this digital text about climate change and Earth's history and this video about climate science.
Scientist Notes
This resource critically explores evidence of a changing climate from hindcasting geologic time scales and other physical parameters. It provides a deeper understanding of the interactions of the greenhouse effect, the oceans, and solar radiation influencing the Earth's climate system. Human activities have accelerated climate change faster than during the industrial revolution and limiting CO2 concentrations to cut down average global temperatures to 1.5 degrees Celsius will be beyond reach by 2100. This resource is recommended.
  • Science and Engineering
    • ESS2: Earth’s Systems
      • HS-ESS2-2 Analyze geoscience data to make the claim that one change to Earth’s surface can create feedbacks that cause changes to other Earth systems.
      • HS-ESS2-4 Use a model to describe how variations in the flow of energy into and out of Earth’s systems result in changes in climate.
      • HS-ESS2-5 Plan and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes.
    • ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
      • HS-ESS3-5 Analyze geoscience data and the results from global climate models to make an evidence-based forecast of the current rate of global or regional climate change and associated future impacts to Earth’s systems.
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