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6th, 7th, 8th


Science, Earth and Space Sciences, Mathematics

Resource Types

  • Lesson Plans, 60 minutes
  • Charts, Graphs, and Tables
  • Worksheets

Regional Focus




Graphing Temperature Models

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  • This lesson introduces students to graphing using historic temperatures on Earth.
  • The lesson includes a teacher guide, a student handout (with a blank graph), and links to the data sources from NASA and National Geographic.

Teaching Tips


  • This is a straightforward lesson that teaches students how to graph data and incorporates climate change data.

Additional Prerequisites

  • You may want to review the NASA link with students before doing the graphing exercise to provide context to the lesson.


  • This lesson could be used in science classes to introduce greenhouse gases, paleoclimates, the diversity of life on Earth, mass extinction events, or climate modeling.
  • This lesson could be used in math classes to learn graphing skills in a real-world context.
  • Other resources related to this topic include Drivers of CO2 Emissions and Climate Change Solutions Simulator.
Scientist Notes
Students can learn a basic method in climate modeling by analyzing temperature datasets and plotting a graph, indicating scenarios for the pre-industrial era, business-as-usual, and forecasting changes up to 2050. This procedure is valid, and the resource is recommended for teaching.
  • Science and Engineering
    • ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
      • MS-ESS3-5 Ask questions to clarify evidence of the factors that have caused the rise in global temperatures over the past century.
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