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Hannah Ritchie, Max Roser


6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th


Science, Social Studies, Economics, Civics, Geography, Mathematics

Resource Types

  • Interactive Media
  • Charts, Graphs, and Tables

Regional Focus



Microsoft Excel

Global Fossil Fuel Consumption

Ask a Question

  • This resource includes an interactive map and graphs that show global primary energy consumption by fossil fuel source, measured in Terawatt-hours.
  • This dataset includes primary energy data using two methodologies:
    • "Direct" primary energy, which does not take account of the inefficiencies in fossil fuel production.
    • "Substitution" primary energy, which does take account of inefficiencies in fossil fuel production.
Teaching Tips


  • The interactive provides three different ways for students to explore data (chart, map, table).
  • Related research and data are linked.
  • The site explains how the data was collected.
Additional Prerequisites
  • Learners need to be familiar with the different sources of electricity.
  • Educator would need time to get familiar with this interactive media and decide on how to implement it with the learners.
  • There are other related interactive maps for other sources of energy. 
  • Can be used to create awareness about one or more of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
Scientist Notes

Fossil fuel consumption is shown to be increasing from 1985-2020 globally. This resource is recommended for students to explore the rate of consumption of energy from nonrenewable energy sources.

  • Science and Engineering
    • ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
      • MS-ESS3-5 Ask questions to clarify evidence of the factors that have caused the rise in global temperatures over the past century.
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