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Hannah Ritchie, Max Roser


6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th


Science, Social Studies, Economics, Geography, Mathematics

Resource Types

  • Interactive Media
  • Charts, Graphs, and Tables

Regional Focus



Microsoft Excel

Coal Production

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  • This resource includes an interactive map and graphs that show the quantity of coal produced (measured in Terawatt-hours), in countries around the world since 1900.
  • Production per capita has been calculated using population data from the UN World Population Prospects.
Teaching Tips


  • The interactive provides three different ways for students to explore data (chart, map, table).
  • Students may choose to view datasets for various geographic locations and time periods.
  • Related research and data are linked.
  • The site explains how the data was collected.

Additional Prerequisites

  • Learners need to be familiar with different sources of energy.
  • Educator would need time to get familiar with this interactive media and decide on how to implement it with the learners.


  • There are other related interactive maps for other sources of energy.
  • Can be used to create awareness about one or more of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
  • Can be applied in a practical lesson for the measurement and conversion of energy from one unit to another.
Scientist Notes

Data from the Shift project was used to interpolate missing data for 1900-2016. However, BP data was used to show data from different countries year-by-year. For instance, China's coal production level peaked at 2003 and 2019. This is as a result of intense coal mining activities. This resource is suitable for teaching.

  • Science and Engineering
    • ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
      • MS-ESS3-5 Ask questions to clarify evidence of the factors that have caused the rise in global temperatures over the past century.
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