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6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th


Science, Social Studies, Earth and Space Sciences, Civics, Geography

Regional Focus

Global, Europe


YouTube Video

The Italy-Switzerland Border Is Melting

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  • This video shows how the border between Switzerland and Italy is changing as the Theodul Glacier melts. 
  • Students will learn that climate change is causing ice to melt in other mountain ranges, creating border disputes between India and China and between Chile and Argentina. 
Teaching Tips


  • The video is a great way to connect climate change and geopolitics.
  • It highlights a unique impact of climate change that is not often discussed.

Additional Prerequisites

  • This video begins with two advertisements.
  • The video description offers several links for further reading.


  • Civics, government, or social studies classes could use this video in a discussion about political and geographic borders. Students could consider the following questions:
    • Why do countries have borders?
    • Why can some countries negotiate mobile-border agreements while other countries cannot?
    • Could climate change affect other borders? How?
  • Earth science classes could use this video in a lesson about watersheds. Students could discuss other watersheds that could be affected by climate change.
  • Other resources on this topic include this video on the Thwaites Glacier in Antarctica, this interactive simulation on glaciers, and this lesson plan on the greenhouse effect.
Scientist Notes
The video explains how warming temperatures cause melting glaciers and border shifts. This is expected, as most recently, Antarctica and the arctic regions are melting as a result of climate change. This resource is recommended for teaching.
  • Science and Engineering
    • ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
      • MS-ESS3-4 Construct an argument supported by evidence for how increases in human population and per-capita consumption of natural resources impact Earth’s systems.
      • HS-ESS3-5 Analyze geoscience data and the results from global climate models to make an evidence-based forecast of the current rate of global or regional climate change and associated future impacts to Earth’s systems.
  • Social Studies
    • Geography
      • Geography 1 (D2): Students understand the geography of the community, Maine, the United States, and various regions of the world, and geographic influences on life in the past, present, and future by describing the impact of change on the physical and cultural environment.
      • Geography 1 (F2): Students understand the geography of the United States and various regions of the world and the effect of geographic influences on decisions about the present and future by evaluating and developing a well-supported position about the impact of change on the physical and cultural environment.
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