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Database Provider

Authors

United States Senate, Dr. James Hansen, Director, NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies

Grades

8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th, AP® / College

Subjects

Science, Earth and Space Sciences, English Language Arts

Resource Type

  • Scientific Papers or Reports

Regional Focus

Global

Format

PDF

Statement of Dr. James Hansen to Congress - 1988

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Synopsis
  • This is a transcribed verbal statement Dr. James Hansen made to Congress regarding global warming.
  • The statement is one section of a larger report prepared as a transcript of a hearing in front of the Committee On Energy And Natural Resources.
  • The hearing was the first session on the greenhouse effect and global climate change.
Teaching Tips

Positives

  • Useful in a lesson or unit about primary sources, this transcribed statement proves that information regarding global warming has been acknowledged since, at least, 1988.
  • This document will be an excellent starting point for a discussion about the history behind the science of studying climate change.
  • The report predicts the extreme weather events of today as a direct result of the greenhouse effect.

Additional Prerequisites

  • Students should have prior knowledge of global warming and climate change.
  • The report contains rigorous vocabulary. Teachers may wish to provide a definition list as extra support.
  • Information is presented as a small portion of a much larger document, so teachers should closely monitor to ensure student focus.
  • "Viewgraphs" and "figures" that are mentioned are located further in the document and not included in this verbal statement.

Differentiation

  • Since the information is presented methodically, with clearly delineated topics, teachers can assign sections of the transcript to small groups, then conduct a round robin discussion of verbal summaries.
  • Connections can be made in math and statistics classes when learning about data analysis.
  • Educators who teach annotations will find this document helpful since the resource can be downloaded.  After downloading, students will be able to annotate either individually, or as a  small-group jigsaw activity.
Scientist Notes
The US Senate has helped to pass laws that could reduce greenhouse gases since 1988, and this resource includes scientific proof of climate change. This resource offers background data on particular industries that contribute to climate change and planning tools for strategically implementing legislative changes to address the global warming challenge. Educators should use this resource in class.
Standards
  • Science and Engineering
    • ESS2: Earth’s Systems
      • MS-ESS2-2 Construct an explanation based on evidence for how geoscience processes have changed Earth’s surface at varying time and spatial scales.
    • ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
      • MS-ESS3-5 Ask questions to clarify evidence of the factors that have caused the rise in global temperatures over the past century.
      • HS-ESS3-5 Analyze geoscience data and the results from global climate models to make an evidence-based forecast of the current rate of global or regional climate change and associated future impacts to Earth’s systems.
    • LS2: Ecosystems: Interactions, Energy, and Dynamics
      • HS-LS2-6 Evaluate the claims, evidence, and reasoning that the complex interactions in ecosystems maintain relatively consistent numbers and types of organisms in stable conditions, but changing conditions may result in a new ecosystem.
  • English Language Arts
    • Language (K-12)
      • L.9-12.4 Use context clues, analyze meaningful word parts, and consult general and specialized reference materials as appropriate to determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases from grade level context.
    • Reading (K-12)
      • R.6-8.9 Assess how perspective or purpose shapes the content and style of various texts.
      • R.9-12.9 Assess how perspective or purpose shapes the content and style of various texts.
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