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Author

Paleontological Research Institution

Grades

6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th

Subjects

Science, Physics, Mathematics, Engineering

Regional Focus

Global

Format

YouTube Video

Kitchen Climate Science

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Synopsis
  • This video provides detailed instructions and also demonstrates two experiments using common household materials.
  • The first experiment shows students how wind turbine power works, and the second experiment teaches students about the thermal expansion of water.
Teaching Tips

Positives

  • The video provides differentiation for different levels of understanding.
  • The experiments are engaging, easy to follow, and directly relate to the impacts of climate change.

Additional Prerequisites

  • Teachers should watch the video ahead of time to decide which experiments they can replicate in their class and what materials the class will need.
  • The video pronounces turbine with a short "i" sound.

Differentiation

  • Students could replicate the experiments in the video or come up with their own designs to demonstrate the concepts.
  • Students could write instructions for how to conduct one of the experiments mentioned in the video.
  • Early finishers could view the link in the video description for more PRI Climate and Energy Resources.
  • Other resources related to wind power include this data set on global wind power generation and this project on creating a small wind generator to light up an LED.
  • Other resources related to the thermal expansion of water include this informative video and this experiment.
Scientist Notes
This resource uses everyday items to conduct two experiments; one on how much power a simple wind turbine can generate, and one on the thermal expansion properties of water. This resource is recommended for teaching.
Standards
  • Science and Engineering
    • ESS2: Earth’s Systems
      • HS-ESS2-2 Analyze geoscience data to make the claim that one change to Earth’s surface can create feedbacks that cause changes to other Earth systems.
    • ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
      • HS-ESS3-4 Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.
    • ETS1: Engineering Design
      • MS-ETS1-3 Analyze data from tests to determine similarities and differences among several design solutions to identify the best characteristics of each that can be combined into a new solution to better meet the criteria for success.
      • MS-ETS1-4 Develop a model to generate data for iterative testing and modification of a proposed object, tool, or process such that an optimal design can be achieved.
    • PS1: Matter and Its Interactions
      • MS-PS1-4 Develop a model that predicts and describes changes in particle motion, temperature, and state of a pure substance when thermal energy is added or removed.
    • PS2: Motion and Stability: Forces and Interactions
      • MS-PS2-2 Plan an investigation to provide evidence that the change in an object’s motion depends on the sum of the forces on the object and the mass of the object.
    • PS3: Energy
      • MS-PS3-1 Construct and interpret graphical displays of data to describe the relationships of kinetic energy to the mass of an object and to the speed of an object.
      • MS-PS3-5 Construct, use, and present arguments to support the claim that when the kinetic energy of an object changes, energy is transferred to or from the object.
      • HS-PS3-3 Design, build, and refine a device that works within given constraints to convert one form of energy into another form of energy.
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